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Introduction to Kanha

Kanha Kisli National Park

Kanha has originally formed a part of the Gondwana which means “Land of Gonds”. Given forests were inhibited by two aboriginal tribes of Central India, Gonds and Baigas. If we travel the surrounding villages of Kanha National Parks, we may find the majority of villagers are from the same tribes. In late 1880, during the British era, Kanha national park, called Central Provinces was the setting for Rudyard Kipling’s Jungle Book stories. One can find described landscapes in the forest of Kanha & Pench in Central India. Kanha national park is spread across 940 sq. km; that is one of the largest parks in Madhya Pradesh where the majestic royal Bengal tigers are found in good numbers.

Overview of Kanha National Park

Kanha Kisli Tiger Reserve abounds in meadows or maidens which are basically open grasslands that have sprung up in fields of abandoned villages, evacuated to make way for the animals. There are many species of grass recorded at Kanha some of which are important for the survival of Barasingha. Densely forested zones with good crown cover have abundant species of climbers, shrubs, and herbs flourishing in the understory. Aquatic plants in numerous "Tal" (lakes) are the lifeline for migratory and wetland species of birds.

Introduction to Kanha

Figure 1 Introduction to Kanha taken from

The main wildlife attractions in the park are tiger, bison, gaur, sambhar, chital, more pictures.... barasingha, barking deer, black deer, black buck, chousingha, nilgai, mouse deer, sloth bear, jackal fox, porcupine, hyena, jungle cat, python, peafowl, hare, monkey, mongoose, tiger, and leopard.

The bird species in the park include storks, teals, pintails, pond herons, egrets, peacock, peafowl, jungle fowl, spur fowl, partridges, quails, ring doves, spotted parakeets, green pigeons, rock pigeons, cuckoos, Papias, rollers, bee-eater, hoopoes, drongos, warblers, kingfishers, woodpeckers, finches, orioles, owls, and flycatchers.

However, if one animal species were to represent Kanha, it would probably be the barasingha or the swamp deer. The barasinghas at Kanha are unique, being the hard ground variety, which populates the large open tracts of grass amidst the forests of teak and bamboo. Twenty years ago, the barasingha was faced with extinction but some desperate measures including the fencing-off of some animals helped save them, and again the air in Kanha bugled with their rutting calls.

Places to See in Kanha National Park

Bamni Dadar: Bamni Dadar is one of the highest plateaus in the tiger reserve and it shows a charming view of the enormity and beauty of forests. It is highly recommended Bambni dadar while you visit the park. It is also known as the sunset point of Kanha. It is the highest point in Kanha. Here you will barking deer, spotted deer, and Indian bison.

Sonf Meadows: Sonf village was the first village that moved out from the Park area for making a tiger reserve in Kanha. After in few years few Barasingha began to breed successfully. The thick and extensive cover of tall grasses protected the Barasingha fawns from predators.

Kanha Meadows: The Kanha Meadows is the most popular place in Kanha due to spotting the tigers.

Shravan Tal: There is a small water pond in the reserve popularly known as Shravan Tal. As per the belief, it was named because of the history that the dutiful son Shravan Kumar came here to fetch water for his blind parents.

Shravan Chita: Shravan Chita is the so-called place where the dutiful son Shravan Kumar, was cremated. The spot is at the center of the park when you enter from the Kisli gate and move towards Kanha. A large number of herbivores and carnivores animals and birds use to come here as the water availability in this pond is throughout the year.

Kanha Museum: Kanha Museum is situated near the entry of Kisli Gate. The museum is established and maintained by the forest department. Here you can find the skeletons of reptiles, carnivores, and herbivores. The museum is open throughout the day for the visitors.

Dasharatha Machan: Near the Shravan Tal, you can see opposite it a mountain-like structure called Shravan machan. As per Indian mythology at this point the doomed arrow to dutiful son Shravan Kumar. The Hill is known as Macha Dongar. King Dasharatha used that machan as a hideout for hunting. The Machan is built at a height on the trees, where they wait patiently for animals to pass by.

Best Season to Visit Kanha National Park

February to June although the cool season, October to February is much more comfortable and still very good for wildlife. The park is closed from July 01 to October 15 because of the monsoon. In Kanha National Park there are 4 core are – Kanha (Kanha Zone is Premium Zone), Kisli, Sarahi, Mukki and 1 Buffer Zone - Khitauli. Wildlife sightings are good all over the preserve. One needs to book park entry in advance and arrange for gypsy as early as possible, especially during the holiday season and festivals like Holi, Diwali, Dussehra, New Year, and Weekends.

How to reach Kanha National Park

Jabalpur is the best suitable place to reach Kanha National Park. The city is North-West of Kanha National Park. It is just 165kms/04:00hrs from the park. Jabalpur city has an airport having direct connectivity with Delhi. Jabalpur city is very well connected through trains with major cities of India like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Bangalore, Pune, Lucknow, Jaipur, Agra, Varanasi, Ahmadabad, etc. Jabalpur Airport is most suitable for reaching Kanha National Park. Jabalpur Airport is directly connected to Mumbai & Delhi.








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gupt godavari chitrakoot

Hill of many wonders : Chitrakoot

Chitrakoot is a town and a Nagar panchayat in the Satna district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. But Chitrakoot is also established as one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India by the name of Chitrakoot Dham (Karwi). Therefore it is divided between the states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. Chitrakoot is a town of religious, cultural, historical, and archaeological importance, situated in the Baghelkhand region. A number of temples and sites mentioned in Hindu scriptures attract crowds throughout the year.

Mythological Importance

Chitrakoot means the Hill of many wonders. Chitrakoot falls in the northern Vindhya range of mountains spread over the states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Chitrakoot Parvat Mala includes Kamad Giri, Hanumaan Dhara, Janki Kund, Lakshman Pahari, and Devangana famous Religious mountains. According to Valmiki Ramayan Lord Ram, Goddess Sita and his brother Shri Lakshman spent a few months of their fourteen years of banishment. It is said that all gods and goddesses came to Chitrakoot when Rama performed the Shraddha ceremony of his father to partake of the shuddhi. Tulsidas, the saint-poet of Hindi spent quite some part of his life here worshipping Ram and craving his darshan.

Shri Bharat who was the brother of Shri ram was asked by his ministers to take his seat upon the throne of Ayodhya. Bharat refused and came to Chitrakoot to meet Shri Ram. In a place called Bharat Milap, Bharat met Lord Ram and requested him to return to Ayodhya and rule. But Lord Ram would not agree to that due to his commitment given to his father Shri Dasarath. Bharat returned to Ayodhya and installed the sandals on the throne, and, living in retirement, carried on the government as their minister. Now Lord Rama decided for two reasons to leave Chitrakuta.

The place to visit in Chitrakoot


The ghats that line the Mandakini river are called Ramghat. During the exile period Rama, Lakshmana, and Sita took bath here and are believed to have appeared before the poet Tulsidas.

Bharat Milap

Bharat Milap temple is located here, marking the spot where Bharata is said to have met Rama to persuade him to return to the throne of Ayodhya. It is said that the meeting of the four brothers was so emotional that even the rocks and mountains of Chitrakut melted. Footprints of Lord Rama and his brothers were imprinted on these rocks and are still present today and seen in Bharat Milap Mandir. Bharat Milap mandir is situated beside kamadgiri mountain, in the circumambulation path of kamadgiri.

Sati Anasuya ashrama

Sati Anasuya ashrama is located further upstream, 16 km from the town, set amidst thick forests that round to the melody of birdsong all day. It was here that Atri muni, his wife Anasuya, and their three sons (who were the three incarnations of Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh), lived and are said to have meditated.


Gupt-Godavari is situated at a distance of 18 km from the town. Here is a pair of caves, one high and wide with an entrance through which one can barely pass, and the other long and narrow with the stream of water running along its base. It is believed that Rama and Lakshmana held court in the latter cave, which has two natural throne-like rocks.

gupt godavari chitrakoot

Figure 1 Gupt Godavari Chitrakoot [Taken from]

Hanuman Dhara

Located on a rock-face several hundred feet up a steep hillside is a spring, said to have been created by Rama to assuage Hanuman when the latter returned after setting Lanka afire. A couple of temples commemorate this spot, which offers a panoramic view of Chitrakut.

Bharat Koop

Bharath Koop is where Bharata stored holy water collected from all the places of pilgrimage in India. It has a small well and temple situated next to it. The water in the well remains pure and clean round the year. According to the story when Bharat Ji came to Chitrakoot to convince Shri Ram to come back to Ayodhya and rule it. For this purpose, he bought the waters of five rivers along with him to do Lord Shri Ram's coronation. But, Lord Ram told Bharath that he does not wish to break his vow given to King Dasharath of coming back to Ayodhya only after completing Vanvas of 14 years. Hence, Bharath asked rishi Vashisht how to use the 5 rivers' water that he brought along with him for Lord Ram's Rajya Abhishek. Rishi Vashisht advised him to put all the water along with flowers he had got for Rajya-Abhishek in a well-specified near Chitrakoot. He explained that the water in this well will remain pure and will be revered till the end of time. Hence, upon the advice of rishi Vashisht, king Bharath followed his instructions and thus this place was named Bharath koop.

Ram Shaiya

This place is located on the way between Chitrakoot and Bharat Koop, in an isolated location. It is the place where Shri Ram, Sitaji, and Laxmanji used to sleep and rest in the evening after wandering around the forest of Chitrakoot. It is located between mountains with no town nearby, with absolute silence in the environment. It has a large flatbed rock that bears imprints of Shri Rama, Lakshman, and Sita Mata. There is a tree above it and the entire place is walled by brick structures on the sides to preserve it.

Sphatic Shila

A few kilometers beyond Janaki Kund is another densely forested area on the banks of the Mandakini. One can climb up to the boulder, which bears the Rama's footprint and Sita. According to Ramacharit Manas, it is said that Lord Rama with Lakshman was sitting on this Shila (rock) when Hanuman returned from Lanka after setting it afire and confirmed the news to Lord Rama that Sita has been imprisoned in Ashoka Vatika in Lanka.

How to Reach Chitrakoot

Chitrakoot is well connected to all the major cities in India by train. The nearest railway station is Karwi and the next prominent station is Chitrakoot Dham. The network of highways and other roads connect this historical place to all the other famous towns in the country. Here is how you can reach Chitrakoot. The nearest airports are Allahabad (135 km from Chitrakoot), Khajuraho( 175 km), and Varanasi (275 km). These airports have daily flight services to Delhi. Karvi is the nearest railway station and it is 8km away from Chitrakoot. The second nearest station is Chitrakoot Dham. The station lies on the Jhansi-Manikpur main line and is well connected to all prominent Indian cities. You can also get down at Manikpur Junction, which is 35 km away from Chitrakoot, or at Satna Junction, which is 75 km away. State-owned buses are available from Allahabad, Banda, Kanpur, Satna, and Jhansi to reach Chitrakoot.







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